Theory and practice of meat processing

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Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
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4-8 469

The studies on the influence of radiation treatment of carcasses from the stress-resistant and stress-sensitive broiler chickens on the thermophysical properties of raw meat are presented. An increase in thermal diffusivity of meat from the stress-resistant poultry by 24.7 % and 54.7 % after radiation treatment of carcasses with ionizing radiation doses of 9 kGy and 12 kGy, respectively, was established. In meat from the stress-sensitive poultry, this figure increased by 33.3 % and 35.8 % compared to the untreated carcasses.

It is shown that radiation treatment of carcasses by applied doses increased the thermal conductivity coefficient of meat from the stressresistant poultry by 5.3% and 7.0 %; in meat from the stress-sensitive poultry, this figure increased by 2.0 and 6.2 times compared to meat from the carcasses not exposed to radiation. At the same time, the value of the heat capacity coefficient was reduced. The irradiated poultry meat samples accumulate energy of ionizing radiation more intensively, which allows the intensification of the thermal processes occurring at various stages of meat product production. Treatment of meat from the stress-resistant poultry with ionizing radiation can reduce the amount of meat with non-traditional autolysis due to changes in its functionaltechnological properties. The results of the research should be taken into account in technological processes in the production of meat products with non-traditional autolysis.

9-16 688

Climate change may have an impact on the occurrence of food safety hazards along the entire agri-food chain, from farm to fork. The interactions between environmental factors and food contamination, food safety and foodborne diseases are very complex, dynamic and difficult to predict. Extreme weather conditions such as floods and droughts which have not occurred previously in Serbia, may be supporting factors to contamination of crops by various species of toxigenic fungi and related mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are a group of naturally occurring toxic chemical substances, produced mainly by microscopic filamentous fungal species that commonly grow on a number of crops and that cause adverse health effects when consumed by humans and animals. Recent drought and then flooding confirmed that Serbia is one of the few European countries with very high risk exposure to natural hazards, as well as that mycotoxins are one of the foodborne hazards most susceptible to climate change.

17-20 292

Visualization of changes in shape and size of the frozen residue during the thawing of ground pork is implemented using magnetic resonance imaging. A technique has been developed to study the displacement of thawing front line without damage to integrity of the object being thawed. It has been established that the melting of bound water crystals outran the melting of free water crystals in meat. A mathematical model that adequately describes the experimental data obtained in the analysis of tomograms is proposed. Tomograms are an important information source for studying the patterns of heat and mass transfer during the thawing of frozen foods.

21-29 445

The development of plasma technology is associated with the unique features of non-equilibrium low-temperature plasma: high electron energy and high concentration of chemically active excited and charged particles at low gas temperature, which allows to process thermolabile materials and biological objects in gentle conditions when high temperatures are not required. The biological effects of low-temperature plasma exposure are considered. It was established that during plasma treatment, a combined effect on cells and tissues of living systems from UV radiation, ions and chemically active particles occurs. Depending on the plasma type, the significance of each of the listed mechanisms for increasing the effectiveness of plasma treatment may vary. However, all these mechanisms interact with each other and have a synergistic effect. It was shown that the conducted studies confirm the ability of low-temperature plasma to inactivate pathogenic microorganisms upon contact with biological objects and foods. The results of the studies are presented, the purpose of which was to study the effect of plasma treatment on nitrite concentration in the water treated by this method and to assess the possibility of its use as a source of nitrite when curing meat products.

30-36 310

The paper presents studies on the presence or formation of d - enantiomers of amino acids in animal tissues or organs, in meat products during its production processes. It is shown that the process of epimerization of L - amino acid residues with the formation of D-enantiomers affect the reduction of the properties of food products, including the formation of oncoassociated subsequent effects on the human body.

Modern control of the quantitative and qualitative composition of d-enantiomers of amino acids in food products, monitoring for stratification of the increased risk of toxic compounds in food are becoming an urgent medical and social problem. The studies planned in this paper are aimed at developing approaches to the creation of food products that reduce the oncogenic alimentary load on human health by solving the problem of technological modification of production, eliminating or minimizing post - translational modifications in proteins that contribute to the formation of d-enantiomers of amino acids. These studies will create a scientific and technological database associated with the risk assessment of carcinogenesis in protein matrices of animal origin. Based on the presented analysis, the task of developing and testing a method to control the accumulation of D-isomers in the course of various technological processes of meat production is extremely popular.

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ISSN 2414-438X (Print)
ISSN 2414-441X (Online)