ANTIMICROBIAL SUBSTANCES: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO THE EXTENSION OF SHELF LIFE


https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2017-2-3-4-20

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Abstract

The problem of high losses of raw materials and products in the food industry is reviewed in the article. Brief lists of spoilage types as well as the available approaches to meat preservation are discussed including technological, physical and chemical. Natural antimicrobial substances are considered as alternative approaches, the existence of which has been known for more than 60 years. Antimicrobial peptides are the evolutionary ancient factor of innate immunity and are found in the cells and tissues of vertebrate and invertebrate animals, plants, fungi and bacteria. Present approaches to their classification, structure and mechanisms of action are discussed. The information from the Antimicrobial Peptide Database and the UniProt Protein Database is systematized in relation to the presence of antimicrobial substances in the tissues of pigs and cattle. Such parameters as the molecular weight, isoelectric point, charge, amino acid sequence and share a hydrophobic part, as well as a range of activities: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, etc. are presented in the article. On the basis of the review, alternative sources of antimicrobial proteins and peptides are proposed as well as technology for shelf life prolonging.

About the Authors

Ekaterina A. Lukinova
V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
senior laboratory assistant of Experimental clinic — research laboratory of biologically active substances of an animal origin, V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences 109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26 Tel.: +7–495–676–92–11


Elena A. Kotenkova
V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
candidate of technical sciences, research scientist of Experimental clinic –research laboratory of biologically active substances of an animal origin, V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences 109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26 Tel.: +7–495–676–92–11


Alexander N. Makarenko
Bogomolets National Medical University
Ukraine
doctor of medical sciences, professor of Department of histology and embryology, Bogomolets national medical university 02000, Kiev, 34 Peremohy Avenue, Morphology Building. Теl.: +380–454–49–89


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For citation: Lukinova E.A., Kotenkova E.A., Makarenko A.N. ANTIMICROBIAL SUBSTANCES: AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO THE EXTENSION OF SHELF LIFE. Theory and practice of meat processing. 2017;2(3):4-20. https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2017-2-3-4-20

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