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Assessment of quality and safety of pork treated with low-temperature atmospheric-pressure plasma

https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-1-78-86

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Abstract

It is known that processing methods ensuring partial or full microbial inactivation are quite limited. Therefore, it is of great interest to develop technique and technologies allowing the effective action on microorganisms without a significant influence on product properties. The use of cold plasma can be one of the promising methods of meat product treatment by cold sterilization. The present work examines a possibility of chilled meat treatment with low-temperature atmospheric-pressure plasma to increase its stability to microbial spoilage and extend shelf life. To obtain low temperature plasma, the equipment developed by the designing department “Plasmamed” was used. Chilled meat was treated with low-temperature atmospheric-pressure argon plasma for 5, 10, 20 and 30 min. Samples were stored at a temperature of 2–4 °C for 10 days. Organoleptic indices, moisture weight fraction, changes in pH and water activity were analyzed before treatment and during storage. Sanitary microbiological analyses were carried out by the following indicators: quantity of mesophilic aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms (QMAFAnM), the presence and quantity of coliforms, Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Proteus. It was shown that meat cold treatment with argon plasma inhibited the development of mesophilic microorganisms. The colony forming units detected in the samples after ten days of storage were determined by the duration of exposure to plasma. It was proved that meat treatment for 15 and 30 min had the bactericidal effect and facilitated an improvement in meat color during storage. The organoleptic indices of the samples treated with plasma corresponded to the requirements of standards and approved consumer characteristics.

About the Authors

N. Yu. Moskalenko
Ural State Economic University
Russian Federation

NataliaYu. Moskalenko  — graduate student, Department of food engineering

620144, Yekaterinburg, 8 March str., 62.
Tel.: +7–912–244–40–22



O. A. Kudryashova
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Poultry Processing Industry — Branch of the Federal State Budget Scientific Institution Federal Scientific Center “All-Russian Research and Technological Poultry Institute” of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Olga A. Kudryashova — candidate of technical sciences, leading researcher, scientific laboratory of normative and technical developments and expertise

 142552, Moscow region, Rzhavki township.
Tel.: +7–903–687–62–17



L. S. Kudryashov
V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Leonid S. Kudryashov — doctor of technical sciences, professor, chief researcher

 109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26.
Tel.: +7–903–627–33–06



S. L. Tikhonov
Ural State Economic University
Russian Federation

Sergey L. Tikhonov — doctor of technical Sciences, professor, head of the Department of food engineering


620144, Yekaterinburg, 8 March str., 62.
Tel.: +7–912–276–98–95



N. V. Tikhonova
Ural State Economic University
Russian Federation

Natal’ya V. Tikhonova — doctor of technical Sciences, docent, Professor of the Department of food engineering

620144, Yekaterinburg, 8 March str., 62.
Tel.: +7–912–276–98–95



V. V. Pestov
FOTEK OOO
Russian Federation

Vladimir V. Pestov — Head of the Research Coordination Department

Malysheva Street, 145A, liter A. 
Tel.: +7–912–607–18–67



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For citation:


Moskalenko N.Yu., Kudryashova O.A., Kudryashov L.S., Tikhonov S.L., Tikhonova N.V., Pestov V.V. Assessment of quality and safety of pork treated with low-temperature atmospheric-pressure plasma. Theory and practice of meat processing. 2021;6(1):78-86. https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-1-78-86

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