IDENTIFICATION OF RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH RAW MATERIALS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN
Products, that meet the requirements of Technical regulations of the Customs Union are possible to produce only from high-quality and safe raw materials of animal origin. However, it is necessary to identify the risks associated with its use, assessment and indication of management mechanisms. In the production of meat products, the mechanisms for managing the identified risks associated with meat raw materials will be different. The aim of our study is to identify the most important risk factors associated with meat from different species of animals, including poultry, currently used in meat processing plants. The emphasis was placed on the meat intended for the production of smoked sausages, as these products are subjected to minimal temperature effects, respectively, under adverse conditions, almost always retains the original parameters of the feedstock (for example, the presence of antibiotics, pathogens). The screening microbiological method for the presence of antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agents was used to identify the chemical risk factor. Classical microbiological methods were used to determine the biological risk factor. It was found that the chemical risk factor (the presence of antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agents) creates a biological problem, i.e. the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of pathogens. Thus, in the study of beef, we found that the percentage of samples contaminated with antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agents was 26.7 %, pork –35.3 %, and poultry meat — 42.9 %. At the same time, Salmonella spp. was absent in the same beef samples and the monocytogenes, however, have been found and they have demonstrated their resistance to antibiotics. In pork and poultry all bacteria were found. Perhaps, these species of animals and poultry, strains of microorganisms have the greatest antibacterial resistance.
About the AuthorsElena V. Zajko
Senior research technician of the Laboratory «Hygiene of production and microbiology»
109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26
Dagmara S. Bataeva
Candidate of technical sciences, docent, Head of the Direction of Microbiology, leading scientific worker of the Laboratory «Hygiene of production and microbiology»
109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26
1. Stärk, K.D.C., Regula, G., Hernandez, J., Fuchs, K., Morris, R.S., Davies, P. (2006). Concepts for risk-based surveillance in the field of veterinary medicine and veterinary public health: Review of current approaches. BMC Health Services Research, 6(20)
2. Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain on a request from the European. Commission on Saponins in Madhuca Longifolia L. as undesirable substances in animal feed. (2009). The EFSA Journal,979, 1–36.
3. Strzępa, A., Lobo, F.M., Majewska-Szczepanik, M., Szczepanik, M. (2018). Antibiotics and autoimmune and allergy diseases: Causative factor or treatment? International Immunopharmacology, 65, 328–341.
4. Berends, B.R., Van Knapen, F., Snijders, J.M.A. (2001). Veterinary public health: human health hazards associated with the administration of antimicrobials to slaughter animals. Veterinary Quarterly,23(1), 2–10.
5. Gould, I.M., MacKenzie, F.M. (2002). Antibiotic exposure as a risk factor for emergence of resistance: The influence of concentration. Journal of Applied Microbiology. Symposium Supplement, 92(1) 78S–84S.
6. Monitoring global progress on antimicrobial resistance. (2018). [Electronic resource: http://www.fao.org/publications/card/en/c/CA0486EN/. Accessed: 05.09.2018].
7. Yushina, Y.K., Bataeva, D.S., Sokolova, O.V.(2017). Microbial meat containments: what’s new? Vsyo o myase, 4, 37–39. (In Russian)
8. Lin, Y.-H., Huang, H.-C., Hung, C.-H., Lu, Y.-C., Jiang, B.-J., Chou, Y.-W., Lee, S.-H., Liao, C.-H. (2016). Increased incidences of multidrug-resistant gonorrhea in Taiwanese men: Experiences from a single institute. Urological Science, 27(2), 86–90.
9. Abat, C., Rolain, J.-M., Colson, P. (2018). Investigations by the Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection of food and food-borne infections in the Mediterranean Basin and in sub-Saharan Africa. New Microbes and New Infections, 26(1), S37-S42
10. Gómez, D., Azón, E., Marco, N., Carramiñana, J.J., Rota, C., Ariño, A., Yangüela, J. (2014). Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua from meat products and meat-processing environment. Food Microbiology, 42, 61–65.
11. Anadón, A., Martínez-Larrañaga, M.R. (1999). Current situation and future perspectives of the use of antibiotics as growthpromoters. In : Brufau J. (ed.), Tacon A. (ed.). Feed manufacturing in the Mediterranean region: Recent advances in research and technology. Zaragoza : CIHEAM,. 65–76. (Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes; n. 37). 2. Conference of Feed Manufacturers of the Mediterranean,1998/03/25–27, Reus (Spain) [Electronic resource: http://om.ciheam.org/om/pdf/c37/99600007.pdf. Accessed: 10.09.2018].
12. Bataeva, D.S., Zaiko, E.V. (2016). Risks associated with the presence of antimicrobial drug residues in meat products and products of animal slaughter. Theory and practice of meat processing,1(3), 4–13. (In Russian)
13. Nauta, M.J., Andersen, R., Pilegaard, K., Pires, S.M., Ravn- Haren, G., Tetens, I., Poulsen, M. (2018). Meeting the challenges in the development of risk-benefit assessment of foods. Trends in Food Science and Technology,76, 90–100.
14. GOST 31659–2012 (ISO 6579:2002) «Food products. Method for the detection of Salmonella spp». Мoscow: Standardinform. — 2012. — 20 p. (in Russian)
15. GOST 32031–2012 (ISO 6579:2002) «Food products. Methods for detection of Listeria monocytogenes». Мoscow: Standardinform. – 2012. — 26 p. (in Russian)
16. GOST 30726–2001 «Food-stuffs. Methods for detection and determination of Escherichia coli». Мoscow: Standardinform. — 2001. — 110 p. (in Russian)
17. Wang, H., Ren, L., Yu, X., Chen, Y , He, G., Jiang, Q. (2017). Antibiotic residues in meat, milk and aquatic products in Shanghai and human exposure assessment. Food control,80, 217–255.
18. van Asselt, E.D., van der Spiegel, M., Noordam, M.Y., Pikkemaat, M.G., van der Fels-Klerx, H.J. (2013). Risk ranking of chemical hazards in food — A case study on antibiotics in the Netherlands. Food research international,54(2),1636–1642.
19. Fang, J., Shen, Y., Qu, D., Han, J. (2019). Antimicrobial resistance profiles and characteristics of integrons in Escherichia coli strains isolated from a large-scale centralized swine slaughter- house and its downstream markets in Zhejiang, China. Food control, 95: 215–222.
20. Martínez-Vázquez, A.V., Rivera-Sánchez, G., Lira-Méndez, K., Reyes-López, M.Á., Bocanegra-García, V. (2018). Prevalence, antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of Escherichia coli isolated from retail meat in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Journal of global antimicrobial resistance, 14, 266–272.
21. Ojdana, D., Sieńko, A., Sacha, P., Majewski, P., Wieczorek, P., Wieczorek, A., Tryniszewska, E. (2018). Genetic basis of enzymatic resistance of E. coli to aminoglycosides. Advances in Medical Sciences, 63(1), 9–13.
22. Tatarnikova, N. A., Maul, O. G. (2014). Antibiotics in food-stuffs. Journal of Orenburg State Agrarian University, 5(49), 208– 211. (In Russian)
23. Zaugolnikova, M.A., Vistovskaya, V.P. (2016). Contamination of animal products by residual quantity of antibiotics. Acta Biologica Sibirica, 2(3), 9–20. (In Russian)
24. Zakrevskiy, V.V., Leleko, S.N. (2013). Сontamination of raw meat nitrofurans — one of the indicators unsafe food products to consumers. Proceedings of the Conference VIII annual all–russian research and practical conference with international participation «Health — the base of human potential: problems and ways to solve them», 8(1), 381–388. (In Russian)
For citation: Zajko E.V., Bataeva D.S. IDENTIFICATION OF RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH RAW MATERIALS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN. Theory and practice of meat processing. 2018;3(4):23-31. https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2018-3-4-23-31
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.