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Theory and practice of meat processing

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An effect of food additives on microbiome

https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-3-259-268

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Abstract

The paper presents a review of available data about an effect of food additives on the human microbiome and lists the main physiological functions of the gut microbiome. The process of the human microbiome evolution is examined. The relationship between the emergence of a disease and the microbiome composition, as well as the main factors influencing the gut microbiome composition are described. The main food additives used today are listed, their key features are discussed and their structural formulas are given. The information about their effect on the human body through an influence on the microbiome composition is presented. The data on an effect of polysorbate 80, carboxymethylcellulose, sodium sulfite, nisin, potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, sodium nitrate, essential oils, titanium dioxide and different sweeteners on the microbiome are analyzed. It is explained what microbial communities are suppressed and what communities gain advantages in multiplication when consumers eat food with one or another food additive. The consequences of alterations in the microbiome for the consumer’s body are examined. Conclusions were made about the necessity of additional studies about an effect of food additives on the composition of the human microbiome.

About the Authors

V. Yu. Kornienko
V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

 candidate of biological sciences, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of molecular biology and bioinformatics

26, Talalikhina Str., Moscow, 109316, Russia

Tel.: +7–495–676–95–11 (109)



M. Yu. Minaev
V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

candidate of technical sciences, head of Laboratory of molecular biology and bioinformatics

26, Talalikhina Str., Moscow, 109316, Russia

Tel.: +7–495–676–95–11 (109)



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For citation:


Kornienko V.Yu., Minaev M.Yu. An effect of food additives on microbiome. Theory and practice of meat processing. 2021;6(3):259-268. https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-3-259-268

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