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Comparative study of technologies for extraction of biologically active substances from the raw material of animal origin

https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-3-226-235

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Abstract

Technologies of isolation and concentration of biologically active substances, developed in the middle of the 20th century, need adjustment and adaptation to modern conditions both to increase the activity of substances and for greater economic efficiency. The aim of the research is the comparison of dynamics of biologically active compounds extraction from porcines pancreas in two methods: the saline method based on 0.9% sodium chloride solution, and the acidic method based on 2.4% trichloroacetic acid solution. Also the purpose of research is to assess the possibilities for further optimization of technologies. The total protein concentration based on the biuret reaction in the samples taken during the extraction, as well as the calculation and analysis of the point degrees and rates of extraction are chosen as the controlled parameters. Local maxima of the protein yields into the extractant media at the 60th, 135th and 255th minute were recorded during saline extraction; and at the 75th and 135th minute during acid extraction. Also the proteomic profile of the extracts was studied. Wide range of compounds with molecular weight of less than 52 kDa was found in extracts based on physiological saline solution, and protein substances of whole presented range of molecular weights in trichloroacetic acid based extracts were considered. The predominance of low molecular weight protein fraction of interest was noted also in this method of extraction in comparison with the other methods of extraction. According to the UniProt database, we assume availability of probable compounds with a molecular weight of less than 30 kDa in the purified acidic extract. The presence of some proteins absent in the final saline extract was noted. The acidic erythrograms showed a weak degrading effect of both types of extracts on the membranes of rat erythrocytes, as well as the cytoprotective effect of acidic ultrafiltrates (less than 3 kDa). The obtained results prove a better efficiency of trichloroacetic acid extraction method used for obtaining a mixture of a wide range of compounds, including biologically active substances of low molecular weight.

About the Authors

E. R. Vasilevskaya
V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

 candidate of technical sciences, researcher, Experimental clinic-laboratory of biologically active substances of animal origin

26, Talalikhina str., 109316, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7–676–95–11(128)



M. A. Aryuzina
V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

 senior laboratory assistant, Experimental clinic-laboratory of biologically active substances of animal origin

26, Talalikhina str., 109316, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7–495–676–95–11(207)



E. S. Vetrova
V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

 senior laboratory assistant, Experimental clinic-laboratory of biologically active substances of animal origin

26, Talalikhina str., 109316, Moscow, Russia

Tel.: +7–915–027–83–89



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For citation:


Vasilevskaya E.R., Aryuzina M.A., Vetrova E.S. Comparative study of technologies for extraction of biologically active substances from the raw material of animal origin. Theory and practice of meat processing. 2021;6(3):226-235. https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-3-226-235

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