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This review paper is devoted to myopathy of slaughter animals and poultry, and examines a relationship between fast growth of muscle tissue in hybrid pigs, broiler chickens and turkey, and high frequency of detection of spontaneous or idiopathic myopathies. The development of myopathy reduces consumer and technological properties of meat, and leads to emergence of different pathological conditions (PSE or RSE meat, «destructured meat», «white» or «green» meat, punctate hemorrhage, «wooden breast» and others). Two types of myopathic conditions are examined: myopathies caused by stress in animals and nutritional myopathies, which contribution to meat quality deterioration seems to be determinative. It is shown that the basis of the mechanism of the myopathy development is the mechanism of the successive changes in muscle tissue: damage of cell membranes and release of mitochondrial calcium, which causes hypercontraction, dystrophic changes, atrophy and necrosis of muscle fibers. To alleviate the damaging effect of two types of myopathies, different substances-adaptogens (selenium, vitamin E, flavonoids and others) can be used. It is stated that the requirements of animals in adaptogens change with an increase in the indicators of their productivity.

About the Authors

Anastasiia A. Semenova
V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Doctor of technical sciences, professor, deputy director

109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26. Tel.: +7–495–676–61–61.

Tatiana G. Kuznetsova
V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Doctor of veterinary sciences, professor, leading research scientist, Department of Scientific and applied and technological developments

109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26. Теl. +7–495–676–99–91.

Victoria V. Nasonova
V.M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Candidate of technical sciences, chef of department, Department of Scientific and applied and technological developments

109316, Moscow, Talalikhina str., 26. Tel.: +7–495–676–65–51.

Roman V. Nekrasov
L.K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry
Russian Federation

Doctor of agricultural sciences, professor RAS, chief of department, Department of feeding of farm animals

142132, Moscow Region, Podolsk, Dubrovitsy 60. Теl. +7–496–765–12–77.

Nadezhda V. Bogolyubova
L.K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry
Russian Federation

Candidate of biological sciences, chief of department, Department of physiology and biochemistry of farm animals

142132, Moscow Region, Podolsk, Dubrovitsy 60.Теl. +7–496–765–11–69.


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For citations:

Semenova A.A., Kuznetsova T.G., Nasonova V.V., Nekrasov R.V., Bogolyubova N.V. MYOPATHY AS A DESTABILIZING FACTOR OF MEAT QUALITY FORMATION. Theory and practice of meat processing. 2019;4(3):24-31.

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